Friends or Foe: The Dos and Don’ts of Raising Funds from Friends and Family

A Comprehensive Guide to Secure Funding from Your Inner Circle for Your Startup Business

2 mins read

Raising capital is a significant challenge for any entrepreneur, especially when it comes to small and start-up businesses. Conventional sources of financing, such as bank loans or venture capital, may not always be available or feasible. In these situations, turning to friends and family can be an attractive option. However, the arrangement can be complex, and if not handled correctly, it can lead to potential personal and financial risks. In this article, we will provide an overview of raising finance from friends and family, highlighting the dos and don’ts of such an arrangement.

The benefits of raising funds from friends and family

Raising capital from friends and family has its advantages. Friends and family are often willing to be more flexible than traditional lenders, accepting fewer securities and lending at a lower rate or interest-free. They may also be more willing to take a risk on an unproven business idea. Additionally, as they are more likely to know you personally, they may be more inclined to support your entrepreneurial endeavors.

However, there are potential pitfalls to consider when raising finance from friends and family. As these transactions tend to be informal, misunderstandings about the agreement can damage relationships, so it is crucial to approach the process in a structured and formal manner.

Dos and Don’ts of raising finance from friends and family

Do be clear about your expectations: Before approaching friends and family for funds, be specific about what you need and for how long. If you are seeking a loan, decide whether you can afford to pay interest or if you are looking for an interest-free loan. If you are seeking an investment, consider whether you need an active partner or shareholder.

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Do detail the repayment level you can afford: It is crucial to be upfront about the level of repayment that you can realistically afford. This will help ensure that the repayment terms are reasonable and prevent any misunderstandings.

Do spell out the investor’s returns and liabilities: Clarify the number of shares or the profit the investor will receive, along with when any returns will be paid. Additionally, it is crucial to specify whether the investor will have any financial liabilities for your business activity.

Do draw up a formal written agreement: While informal agreements may seem attractive, it is essential to have a formal written agreement to avoid misunderstandings or disagreements in the future. This agreement should outline all the key terms of the investment or loan.

Don’t take the funds for granted: It is essential to treat the funds from friends and family as if they were from a formal lender. This means keeping them informed about the business’s progress and repaying the funds as agreed upon.

Don’t hide any risks: It is vital to be upfront about the risks involved in investing in your business. This transparency will help ensure that your friends and family are aware of the potential risks before investing.


In conclusion, raising finance from friends and family can be an excellent option for small and start-up businesses. However, it is essential to approach the process in a structured and formal manner. This means being clear about expectations, detailing repayment terms, outlining the investor’s returns and liabilities, and drawing up a formal written agreement. By doing so, entrepreneurs can secure the necessary funding while avoiding potential personal and financial risks.

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